Predicated on Egyptian records matchmaking on the fourteen th 100 years B

Predicated on Egyptian records matchmaking on the fourteen th 100 years B

An enthusiastic Arabian Tribe

The fresh Midianites have been good Proto-Arabian group; their residence foot was at Arabia as they are regarding Ishmaelites. The book out-of Evaluator says that it clearly throughout the tale away from Gideon, which helps make the pursuing the consult of one’s Israelites immediately after defeating the new Midianites:

We come across proof the partnership anywhere between Midianites and Ishmaelites since the really when it comes to brands. As an instance, Moses dad-in-legislation Jethro or Jether (Exod cuatro:17) has the same identity as Davids sister-in-legislation (husband regarding Davids sis Abigail), Jether the brand new Ishmaelite (step one Chron 2:17).

The new Liven Trade

During the Iron Decades and you can after, the Midianites, as the an Arabian tribe, was an element of the liven exchange. They might take a trip away from Arabia and you will move across Israel on their treatment for the latest Mediterranean coast and you may/or Egypt. That is mirrored on the biblical facts off Joseph, and therefore describes Midianite and you will Ishmaelite people going to Egypt that have herbs and submissives:

Within facts, brand new traders got very first went northern, maybe to trade toward Arameans, and you can was basically moving southern from the Jezreel valley into Through Maris, that will simply take them towards Egypt. As the facts is determined regarding the second millennium B.C.Elizabeth., anachronistic provides like camels show that it had been printed in the initial century B.C.Elizabeth.

The newest strong union ranging from these types of eastern Arabian people and spruce route is reflected regarding title brand new Bible (Gen 25:1-2) provides their eponymous mommy, Qeturah (?????), a name related to the brand new Hebrew word getting incense, qetoret (?????).

In short, this new Midianites was indeed an enthusiastic Arabian tribe working in metallurgy as well as the spice trading, whoever foot was a student in new northeast of one’s Arabian Peninsula, however, whose arrive at away from payment try much wide, having pouches residing in the southwest Sinai Peninsula, new southern area Transjordan, and the Aravah (the newest wasteland part of the southeastern Negev), most likely from the copper blood vessels around.

The latest Shaswe-Home YHWA

C.Elizabeth., we all know that Midianites weren’t the actual only real ethnic teams way of living that it these elements. About geographical list into the Amunhotep IIIs Soleb Nubian forehead, the people of Aravah plus the south Transjordan are known as Shaswe (or Shasu), an universal name definition something similar to “nomadic tribes.”

The word shaswe, s?sw ( ) is created pursuing the Egyptian determinative for “land” imeetzu t? ( ), appearing your Egyptian text message try explaining some other geographical areas populated by individuals shaswe. An area detailed is called Nomad-property Seir, which is the same on the Attach Seir region within the Edom. Another term throughout the list, and thus regional or contiguous with Seir, was Nomad-belongings Yehwa, yhw?(w) ( ). The pronunciation of the name is undecided, due to the fact particularly Hebrew, hieroglyphics do not become vowels, nevertheless the title seems to be linked to title regarding the brand new Israelite deity, YHWH, whoever appropriate old pronunciation is even unknown.

A good Deity and you may a land

Regarding the listing, Yehwa is the label away from an area. As a possible nomadic category lived in an area named Seir, some other lived in a secure entitled Yehwa. However in antiquity, a reputation you’ll sometimes be both an excellent toponym and you will good theonym. Title Assyria (Assur) illustrates this demonstrably: it’s both title out-of Assyrias head goddess and of its ancient resource urban area. At some point, additionally became the name of the empire. Some other example will be Greek goddess of expertise, Athena, just who began because patron deity out-of Athens.

YHWH Comes from new Edomite South

Biblical research means that YHWH arises from the fresh new the southern part of, either regarding hills regarding Edom otherwise after that southern within the Midian otherwise past. This will be such as for instance obvious for the three extremely old biblical poems: